Res Musica

Res Musica 4 (2012)

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The fourth issue of Res Musica comprises research in the field of ethnomusicology. Among the authors are both Estonian ethnomusicologists and foreign researchers from Latvia, Lithuania, and Russia. For this reason, the present issue of Res Musica is bilingual: articles by Estonian authors are in Estonian with English summaries, and articles by foreign authors are in English with Estonian summaries.

In this issue there is no one pervading theme, however, some common ground can be found between the articles. One common theme is the nature of contemporary traditional music. This may be determined by the concept of ‘revival’, the very important cultural process which took place in the late 20th and early 21st century in many countries of the world. Thus the Lithuanian ethnomusicologist Daiva Račiūnaitė-Vyčinienė writes about the revival of sutartinės, the ancient polyphonic song style, now again popular and practised in many different forms. Research by Latvian scholar Anda Beitāne is dedicated to contemporary developments in the multipart song tradition of Northern Latgale. Nailya Almeeva examines the performance of songs of the Volga-Ural Tatars on the concert stage. Also on the revival theme is the article by Janika Oras and Žanna Pärtlas describing the attempt by students from the Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre to imitate the traditional Seto singing style. In this article, original recordings of Seto songs and their imitations are analysed by means of acoustic measurements. Acoustic methods are also applied by Taive Särg, who investigates the relationships between the torrõ and killõ parts in Seto multipart songs. Research by Sandra Kalmann also deals with the Seto song tradition; she analyses the tune types used in improvised songs by the famous Seto singer Hilana Taarka. One more piece of research on the Seto theme is the article by Liisi Laanemets, who examines the question of identity in the activities of the Seto choir living beyond the borders of Setomaa. The article by Urve Lippus extends the usual boundaries of the object of ethnomusicological research, being dedicated to the Estonian domestic piano culture in the second half of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.

The editors express their gratitude to reviewers, whose diligence ensures the academic quality of the present issue.

Žanna Pärtlas

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Table of Contents:

Saateks koostajalt

(Žanna Pärtlas)

Editor’s Preface

(Žanna Pärtlas)



Urve Lippus

Klaver Eesti kodus

The arrival of the piano in the Estonian home

Results from an experiment in emulating the traditional Seto singing style

Changes in the melodic scale in the course of gradual rise of pitch in Seto folk song. The results of acoustic measurements of upper voice killõ and lower voice torrõ

The question of tune types in the improvisations of Taarka

Creating and retaining Seto identity: case study of a Seto choir existing outside Setomaa



Nele Salveste

Lukku pandud hääled

Jaan Ross (ed.). Encapsulated Voices. Estonian Sound Recordings from the German Prisoner-of-War Camps in 1916–1918. Das Baltikum in Geschichte und Gegenwart,
Bd. 5, Köln/Weimar/Wien: Böhlau, 2012, 197 lk.